Free Press 27/01/2015

Welcome to the first ever edition of Free Press, ACT’s new regular bulletin.  If you’re wondering why you’ve received this, we’ve used the same mailing list as Richard Prebble’s classic The Letter, and hope we can stimulate you in the same way.  Otherwise, feel free to exercise your freedom of association and click the unsubscribe button at the bottom of your email.

Victory for Sound Economics
Demographia has said New Zealand’s housing is unaffordable since 2006.  Former Prime Minister Clark used to say they just needed to add Europe to the report and we’d look better.  Now even the Greens accept the issue is real.  The war of ideas can be won.

Victory for ACT
The Productivity Commission (formed as a condition of ACT’s 2008 confidence and supply agreement) made the difference.  Its comprehensive reports showed that it is a shortage of land that makes housing unaffordable.  They showed Auckland’s Rural Urban Boundary makes land 8.65 times more expensive by banning development on the fringe.  In 1974 we built 28,000 homes, last year 14,000.

Dopey Alternatives
Some parties say the government should build housing, but where?  Even builders working for the government cannot build houses without land.  Others want to give first homebuyers money – completely counterproductive.  If the government showed up at an auction and gave every bidder $10,000, what would happen to the final price?

And Dopier
The capital gains tax is worse still.  All the other unaffordable housing markets (Sydney, Vancouver, LA) have CGTs.  Only the left would try to stimulate home building by taxing the sale of homes.  But what about the speculators? Well, who would speculate in a market where new homes keep getting built?

Not Greedy
Some say the problem is ungrateful kids drinking too many lattes.  Hardly.  Home prices have gone from 3x income to 8x since 1990.  We dream of buying a house for $27,000 and having the mortgage eaten by 17 per cent inflation.  What was that like?

Ending Child Poverty
The Listener reports that 130,000 New Zealand children live in poverty, not counting housing costs.  Then it rises to 285,000.  Solving housing affordability could halve child poverty.

Neo Feudalism
We have always been a frontier society where home ownership is the Kiwi dream.  More and more young New Zealanders are dependent on help courtesy of their parents’ housing gains to get on the ladder.  Helen Clark’s dream of us turning into Europe probably didn’t include hereditary property ownership, but we’re half way there.

Cost of Living
Visitors to New Zealand noticed how much everything costs even before the dollar’s surge in recent years.  Epsom electorate shopkeepers tell us rents are through the roof.  The RMA is not only a plague on developing houses, we speculate that it has driven up the price of everything.

Green Dream
The only thing the Green Party is trying to save in the housing debate is the Red Herring.  New Zealand is 0.7 per cent urbanised.  We drove from Auckland to Hawkes Bay recently and the only thing we didn’t see was a shortage of land.  “Sprawl” is a green godsend.  Most Kiwis with a back yard like to plant native plants to attract native birds.  This has got to be better for the environment than dairy farming.

NIMBYs, us?
Epsom electors are wary of intensification.  We say not in our back yard for a very good reason.  There’s already a house there.  The Epsom electorate has been infilling since the 1960s.  It had the highest population density in the country even before the Electoral Commission took the Domain off us and put it into Auckland Central.  If all of Auckland was as dense as Epsom, it could accommodate 13 million people.

The RMA is Surreal
If you are sitting down, try reading the RMA.  “Persons acting under this act must have particular regard to the intrinsic values of ecosystems.”  By definition that is impossible.  Who decides an intrinsic value? You can’t blame the meddling classes for exploiting such vagueness.  Try it here for free:

Where Next?
ACT will be pushing National to do RMA reform properly.  If Hon Peter Dunne wants to wallow in intransigence, let him.  Hon Dr Nick Smith should cut a swath through the vagueness and put property rights and housing supply front and centre in the RMA.  We will be working hard over the coming months.

Freedom isn’t Free
If it were legal, ACT Leader David Seymour would sell blood to fundraise for ACT.  All you need is a credit card.

Come to the Farm
We are hosting our conference on February 21.  The theme is New Zealand the Way You Want It.  Rob Muldoon won 55 seats on this slogan, and we have better policies.  The line-up is first class; the $50 ticket price is economy.  Read more here:

Tell a Friend
Our goal is 100,000 votes in 2017.  You can help by forwarding this newsletter.  They can sign up to receive it here:






ACT welcomes commitment to RMA reform

“ACT welcomes the acknowledgement by Environment Minister Nick Smith that the RMA has become a major impediment to development, is costing jobs, making housing too expensive and not even doing a great job at managing natural resources,” says ACT Leader David Seymour.
“The Treasury-commissioned report released by Mr Smith confirms the stifling and expensive effects of the RMA on development.

“The discussions around inequality and child poverty in recent years have consistently shown rising housing costs as a significant factor contributing to various measures of poverty in New Zealand. Fixing these regulatory barriers to affordable housing could have a major impact in reducing inequality in New Zealand.
“New Zealand needs comprehensive RMA reform. ACT looks forward to working with National on these reforms, to the benefit of all New Zealanders.”

ACT welcomes taxi law review

ACT Leader David Seymour welcomes Craig Foss’ prompt call to review taxi and private car hire regulations, announced today.

“I believe that entrepreneurship and the fast adoption of new technologies are essential to the prosperity of small nations such as New Zealand,” said Mr Seymour, who wrote to the Minister of Transport requesting such a review last week.

“Regulation can play an important role in protecting consumers, but should not be used to privilege particular businesses, especially when technology removes existing market failures.  Regulations may have been needed in the past when consumers had limited access to information on pricing, safety, and other quality indicators.  Mobile internet technology now gives real-time information to all parties.  It is removing the need for such regulation while improving customer service, efficiency, and safety.

“Craig Foss has acted promptly.  It is now important that he places the interests of consumers first, as regulation is in place for them – not incumbent providers."

Taxi regulations threaten entrepreneurship and innovation

“Smartphone-based taxi technology has provided greater choice for New Zealand consumers, but in some cases could prove illegal under current transport regulations,” said ACT Leader David Seymour today.

“Recent cases where drivers have been charged or issued with infringement notices suggest the current law may not be fit for purpose.  It is not for me to comment on individual cases, but we must review the existing law to send a message that entrepreneurship is welcomed in New Zealand, and to foster innovation in taxi technology and maximise consumer choice.

“Taxi companies provide a vital service and are an important source of employment. Smartphone-based technology could benefit all of these companies, allowing them to explore new safety practices and pricing options, such as providing users with driver profiles and enabling automatic fare adjustment to increase taxi supply during busy periods.

“As ACT Leader, I have written to the Minister of Transport, asking him to confirm whether the Government has any plans to review the law to ensure smartphone-based taxi services are able to continue operating legally within a competitive transportation market.

“Intelligent regulation and a liberal approach to business innovation are essential to a healthy economy. Therefore, regulatory reform is a key ACT priority for the next three years.

“I look forward to hearing the Government’s plans for modernising New Zealand’s transport regulations.”

Mr Seymour has previously researched taxi regulation for Canada’s Manning Foundation and Frontier Centre, and has even written a paper named “Whither Taxi Regulation: Why GPS-enabled smartphones will send traditional taxi regulation the way of the dodo”.

Newsletter - A year of inequality debate

Inequality and poverty issues were big news this past year.

The English version of Thomas Piketty’s book, Capital in the Twenty-First Century, was published in April.  It provided an impressive collection of historical data on trends in wealth distribution. Much less impressive was the interpretation of the data and the theory that went with it.

The book was greeted with enormous enthusiasm by the political left. No surprise there. People – on both the left and right of politics - tend to accept uncritically information or views which align with their prior beliefs.

But one of the great virtues of a free and open country, and of the democratic process, is that your political opponents will scrutinise your arguments and you theirs. It’s a contest of ideas.

So how has Piketty’s book held up? A recent lengthy review by Deirdre McCloskey described the many problems with the book, and John Cochrane (University of Chicago Business School) has helpfully provided a condensed version. It is well worth a read.

Cochrane summarises McCloskey:  the book is “wrong as simple microeconomics ….and growth economics; the evidence is contrary to its thesis…. and it advocates policies - confiscatory taxation by a centralized world government - that would turn back the trade-based betterment (a better description than ‘capitalism’, as it is innovation that drives income growth) that has saved billions from grinding poverty.”

McCloskey notes that Piketty’s definition of wealth does not include human capital - the skills and education of the workers. Add back in human capital to the accounting, and you find that workers own most of the nation’s capital, “and Piketty’s drama from 1848 falls to the ground.”

The year ended with more publicity on academic work on inequality, with the Guardian newspaper featuring a working paper from the OECD. The headline was: Revealed: how the wealth gap holds back economic growth.  This headline was enough to excite those on the political left, but the subheading was even better:  OECD report rejects trickle-down economics, noting a ‘sizeable and statistically negative impact’ of income inequality.

The political cream on top was that the report identified NZ and Mexico as the two countries whose growth was most held back by rising inequality:

Does any of this stand up?

Let's start with the Guardian’s subheading, where they ever so predictably reach for the notion of “trickle-down economics”. This expression is a pretty standard fantasy of the political left, not so much a straw man as the left’s imaginary friend.  There is no such academic theory.

What about the OECD report itself, rather than the overheated journalistic version?  Was Russel Norman’s excitement in the House justified?  Had he read it, or just the Guardian report?

As always with these matters, you need to wait a bit until other academics have tested the report – its methodology, its data analysis and conceptual coherence.

An economist at the NZ Initiative, Eric Crampton, has helpfully reviewed the OECD paper on his blog, Offsetting Behaviour. You can read it here.

Crampton notes several odd aspects of the report’s conclusions.

“They find that net inequality (after tax-and-transfer) hurts economic growth, that gross inequality (pre tax-and-transfer) doesn't hurt growth, that changes in human capital (education) do not affect growth one way or another - there's a slightly negative effect of education on growth in the set of specifications, but it's not significant; and, investment doesn't affect growth one way or another.”

As Crampton notes, these are strange results. Typically we would expect investment in capital equipment and in human capital to be important for growth.

But it gets weirder still.

Digging into the report, the results suggest that all that matters is the difference between the average income and the level just below - the 4th decile. The difference between incomes at the top (the 9th and 10th deciles) and average incomes have no influence on growth.

If you took that result seriously your policy recommendation would be to increase the tax on average earners to give money to people slightly poorer than them. An odd result. Nobody now seems to be defending the data analysis in this report.

But if you did, you would wonder what the mechanism might be for inequality to affect growth?

The report suggests it would be via reduced investment in education in the lower decile cohorts.  But remember, the report found no effect of education on growth.

The authors decided this result must be wrong, and instead made the case for increased spending on education. That judgement in turn is based on other OECD papers which do find a strong effect of education on growth. Awkwardly, many of those very papers also find that inequality increases growth.

Go figure.

Let’s be positive here. The authors cite OECD research that suggests that “across 21 OECD countries human capital has a robust, positive and significant impact on long run growth”.  Yes, it does, see the McCloskey comments on Piketty earlier.

Referring to that research the authors write:  “The evidence strongly suggests that high inequality hinders the ability of individuals from low economic background to invest in their human capital, both in terms of the level of education but even more importantly in terms of the quality of education. This would imply that education policy should focus on improving access by low-income groups, whose educational outcomes are not only worse on average from those of middle and top income groups, but also more sensitive to increases in inequality.”

Well, there is a policy that does just that. It is called Partnership Schools.

Ponder that over the holiday break, and wonder why the political left does not support this policy.

Merry Xmas!

David Seymour
Leader, ACT New Zealand

Forget today's deficit - we must focus on long term fiscal health

"Forget today’s deficit announcement – we need to focus on long-term fiscal health," said ACT Leader David Seymour.
"The Green and Labour Parties’ excitement over a tiny projected surplus turning into a small expected deficit is just childish. These are parties that wanted to hand out billions in an election lolly scramble, now purporting to discover fiscal probity.
"Labour and the Greens both had their platforms calculated as costing an additional $5 billion. Their largess would have put this deficit in the shade, and pushed up mortgage rates to boot.
"Revenue will always bounce around due to international and domestic influences, and in the short term there is no reason for the government to react to that.
"What matters is the general trend which, compared to most other countries, is promising – at least for the next few years.
"To avoid fiscal strife further down the line, we must address quality and effectiveness of spending, and scale and effectiveness of government regulation. We also need to account for an aging population and a surge in NZ Super and healthcare costs."

Celebrate volunteers by opposing regulatory burden

On International Volunteers Day New Zealand politicians must consider their responsibility in tackling the regulatory burden faced by the voluntary sector, says ACT Leader David Seymour.

“Unfortunately, regulations intended to improve practices in business can often have unwanted consequences for volunteer causes.

“One current example is the Health and Safety Reform Bill, which would treat volunteers – even casual ones – as workers, forcing organisations to take liability for the safety of people who have chosen to pitch in for events like tree plantings and disaster clean-ups.

“The practical effect of this regulation is obvious: it will be harder for communities to mobilise volunteer action. Ratepayers in particular will be hit hard, as local councils currently utilise volunteer labour for many vital services and initiatives.

“ACT is backing the Bill’s submissions from Local Government NZ and Volunteer NZ, which call for more flexible regulation towards health and safety.”

“Volunteer initiatives are always preferable to government programmes. Individuals who sacrifice their time to contribute to causes they are passionate about are far more likely to put care into a job than an anonymous bureaucrat on a fixed salary.

“Volunteer and community initiatives are at the core of what separates an adequate society from a healthy society. The fact that New Zealanders spend more time volunteering than anyone else in the OECD is something we ought to celebrate.”

Car ban for mountains problematic, out of the blue

The planned ban on car access to Auckland’s volcanoes is out of the blue and undemocratic, says ACT Leader and Epsom MP David Seymour.

“The Maunga Authority’s decision to end vehicle access to the top of Mount Eden and other cones comes after the government had promised that the Authority would not compromise existing public access and use rights [1].

“It is hard to reconcile that promise with this week’s announcement. For many New Zealanders, such as the elderly or those with injuries or disabilities, a ban on cars will effectively be an end to access.

“What stings even more is that today is 2014’s International Day of Persons with Disabilities.

“On a day when we should be celebrating inclusion and fair treatment, the Maunga Authority is threatening disabled, injured, and elderly people with, at best, a marginalising and bureaucratic process for gaining access to the summit, and at worst, a total end to their enjoyment of our mountaintops.

“Further considerations ought to be given to parents of small children, the tourists who contribute to Auckland’s economy, and cyclists, who would for some reason be included in the ban.

“Maybe some sort of restriction is justified to reduce erosion, pollution, or noise. But if that were the case, the merits of the ban should be able to stand up to public scrutiny and debate. Instead, the Authority has announced the ban from out of the blue, with no opportunity for public consultation or a cost-benefit analysis.

“The government should hold the Maunga Authority to the public-minded spirit outlined in its formation. The ratepayers who fund maintenance of these mountains deserve input.

“Matters of public access to our beautiful maunga should be matters of public consultation.”


[1] "There will be no changes to existing public access and use rights. Third party rights including infrastructure, buildings and leases will be maintained.“

Stock rustling set to continue under lax laws

The theft and illegal slaughter of farm stock can only be expected to continue if tougher laws are not introduced, said ACT Leader David Seymour today.

NZ Farmer today reported on David Searle, who found three dead ewes on the edge of his property yesterday morning, with another six missing.

“It makes for a grim read, but what’s grimmer still is that this is an ongoing problem for rural New Zealand,” said Mr Seymour.

“It’s a crime that often goes unreported, but is estimated to cost farmers $120 million each year. One Southland farmer had 1200 ewes stolen in July alone.

“Stock thieves are comparable to burglars in that they are rarely apprehended, offend repeatedly, and have little regard for the sanctity of property.

“ACT would have equipment used in the theft confiscated, as is the case for fisheries offences, and increase maximum jail sentences to reflect the harm done to farmers and their vulnerability in remote areas.

“Farmers have called for tougher laws, as has the national association Federated Farmers. ACT won’t let stock rustling and other property crime become a career option in New Zealand.”

Newsletter - Partnership Schools

Partnership Schools: The Path to Quality Education
November 11, 2014

You may find this recent newspaper article on Partnership Schools of interest.

I did, and for this simple reason.

The article fairly presents the difficulties some schools are having in this early establishment phase. As common-sense would suggest, and as recent research shows, the average quality of schools improves over time (e.g. see the US National Bureau of Economic Research: The Evolution of Charter School Quality). Rome was not built in a day.

The article also fairly presents some of the undoubted successes so far in New Zealand.

For many students these schools are proving truly transformative, turning around lives, rescuing them. It is profoundly moving to read of this, even more so to be privileged – as I have – to witness it.

In my Maiden speech in Parliament I mentioned a visit to one of these schools where, as I chatted to the students about their experiences in other schools compared with their experiences at their new Partnership School, one young girl said “I didn’t know I was smart until I came here”.

Who could fail to be affected by that?

Now, consider these accounts of lives being transformed, and weigh that enormous positive against some of the negative comments in this article and elsewhere by opponents of these new schools. For opponents to describe Partnership Schools as part of an “ideological drive to disestablish public education” is not just wrong, it’s childish and daft. Most of our public schools provide excellent educational opportunities - just not to all children.

I am sure these opponents are good people, committed educators, but some of their attitudes are appalling.

Fancy giving parents options; giving them choices which might dramatically improve their children’s chances in life. We should be doing everything possible to facilitate this, not block it.

The opposition to Partnership Schools reflects politics and ideology. Opposition political parties would close down these schools no matter how good they might be. And just tough luck for the kids caught in the crossfire of politics.

That can reasonably be described as an extreme ideological view, one that is hard to defend on any moral or fair-minded basis.

Would those politicians be prepared to visit these schools, and tell the children and their parents, face-to-face, that they intend to close the school? And tell them why.

David Seymour
Leader, ACT New Zealand